sahitya Sangeet

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 Raga Pahadi





 Raga Pahadi is one of those ragas that is hard to define an ascent or descent for, so here is a simple sol-fa song to demonstrate a few typical note combinations. In this example I have only combined the nine most prominent notes used. It is characterized by a very charming, folksy flavor.

Peace, power, pathos, poignancy: these words together constitute an apposite expression of the aesthetics of the raga Pahadi. The raga is like a lover, unruffled in union, serene in separation, powerful enough to achieve eternal union, but resigned to the painful parting ordained by destiny.

Pahadi, a Kashimiri folk melody in its origin, is a simple raga — one may think of it as a ‘dhoon’.

Raga Pahadi is said to belong to Bilawal thaat.  It is sung at all times.


Its Aroha and Avaroha are as follows:

Aroha: S R G P D S'

Avaroha: S' D P G R S.

This is, of course, oversimplification, because any of the twelve notes of the octave can be skillfully included to enhance Pahadi’s ethereal appeal.

Typical phrases in Pahadi:

[The notation with Ma as the Sa]

S, 'D 'P, 'G 'P 'D S.

S, 'D 'D 'P, 'D S R G, G R G S.

Thaat Bhairav

Prahar 5 (6 pm - 9 pm)

Aaroha 'P-'D-S-R-G-P-D-S'
Bhaav Shadj-Pancham

Avaroha S'-N-D-P-m-G-R-s-'n-'d-'P-'d-S
Saptak-pradhaanata Mandra-Madhya

Pakad S-'D-'P-'D-'m-'G-'P-'D-S

Tanpura Tuning m

Jaati Audav-Sampoorn
Other Characteristics Performance time is not strictly defined. Can be performed at any time of the day or night.



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