Sahitya Sangeet

Literature Is The Almighty & Music Is Meditation

Mirza Ghalib

Raga Marwa

That Name:-

‘N r G M D N D S’

N r’ N D M D M G r ‘N ‘D S




D M G r ‘N ‘D S

5th.Prahar. (3pm. To 6pm.)

Raga Information:
Raga Marwa is famous amongst classical musicians, as it is one of the most peculiar ragas in Indian music. The first unique feature of this raga is that there is no Pa or suddha Ma. These two notes imply stability with the Sa. The most likely reason why Pa and suddha ma do not take place is because, Sa, in this raga, is avoided a lot. It will be confusing for one to listen to this raga, as the tonic seems to disappear.

Thus, the mood of this raga can be said to describe anxiety or melancholy, as there is no stability. There is no harmonic stability, as the komal re and dha form the vadi-samvadipair. Since komal re is the vadi (the strongest note), the komal re in this particular raga creates an otherworldly ghastly feel.

Hence, another mood of this raga is fear. Lastly, this raga is the supposed representative raga of the Marwa that. Marwa that has a Pa in it, however, Marwa’s behavior and scale is absolutely different. Usually, almost all representative ragas will share the same notes as its that. It is sung during the twilight hours, just in the process of the sunset. The tanpura can be tuned in two ways. The primary note can be either D or N. Ni is usually preferred with lower pitches, while D is used with higher pitches.

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