Sahitya Sangeet

Literature Is The Almighty & Music Is Meditation

Mirza Ghalib

Raga Jaunpuri

Jaunpuri is a popular raga. Some musicians refer to this raga as Asavari with natural (shuddh) Re, while others consider Asavari and Jaunpuri as distinct ragas on the basis of usage of flat Ni in the ascent.

Tone material

S R g m P d n

While Ga is omitted in the ascent, it is used in the descent, which could be oblique like S (or R) n d P, m P d m P \g~ R S or straight forward like S n d P m g R S, especially in the fast speed.

Ga and Dha are important notes and Pa is a resting note. Ga and Dha are oscillated. While Dha is included in the direct ascent, it could also be avoided in typical phrases such as R m P /n d P. Similarly Ni could be missed with m P d ~/S, while both Dha and Ni could be left out in a characteristic phrase – m P /S\ d~ P.

Some characteristic phrases

R \n d~ P
d m P /n d\ P
P \g~ R S
m P /S\ d~ P

Raga Darbari kanada (vide) has the same tone material as Jaunpuri but the melodic patterns are so very different that they never create the same impression with the listener. Although Ga and Dha are oscillated in both these rag-s, the extent and context of oscillation is quite different. Also, unlike Darbari, most movements in Jaunpuri are in the upper half of the middle octave.

Musicians who claim this raga as distinct from Asavari, altogether avoid Ni in the ascent, making it a pentatonic ascent – S R m P d~ S

Raga Gandhari, which is not popular today, strongly resembles Jaunpuri, except that occasionally it uses a touch of flat Re in the descent.


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