Sahitya Sangeet

Literature Is The Almighty & Music Is Meditation

Mirza Ghalib

Raga Bahar

Raga Bahaar has its origin in Kafi Thaat. In this Raga, as Re in Aaroh and Dha in Avaroh are prohibited, its class is believed to be Shaadav – Shaadav (षाडव-षाडव). In this Raga, Komal Gandhaar and both Nishad are sung. Here, Ma is Vaadi (वादी) and Saa is Samvadee (सम्वादी).

This Raga is sung in the midnight. Aaroh-Avroh, Pakad, Vadi-Samvadi, Gayan Samay of Raag Bahar: Aroh: सा म, म प म ग म, ध नि सां Or नि सा ग म, प ग म, ध नि सां Avaroh: सां, नि प, म प, ग म रे सा Pakad: सा म, म प म ग म, नि ध नि सां Special features of Raga Bahar:

This Raga hasn’t been mentioned in any of the ancient scriptures. Thus, it can be believed that this Raga was formed in post- historic period. Great scholar of Indian classical music Shri. Bhatkhande mentions in his fourth curriculum book that बागेश्वरी मल्हार सुम्मिलत…सुर अडाना बीच चमकत…

In Raga Bahar, group of swaras सा म and ग म ध from Bageshwari, नि ध नि सां, नि प and ग म रे सा from Malhar and नि सां, रे सां नि प from Adana have been blended. This Raga is sung in the later half of the musical piece. Its chalan is more powerful in the later half of Madhya Saptak and Taar Saptak. We can concentrate our attention on its Aalaap as its example. With regard to सम्वादी-वादी also, this Raga is sung in the later half. Its वादी swar ‘Ma’ is the part of later half. Though, the ideal time for singing Raag Bahar is midnight, yet this is sung and played in every hour in the season of spring (Basant Ritu) .

Therefore, this Raag is sung as per the mood of the season. Most of the songs in this Raga illustrate the beauty of spring. In Raga Bahar, Pancham Swar in Aaroh are Vakra (वक्र), e.g. म प ग म, ध and in Avaroh, Gandhaar Swar are Vakra (वक्र), e.g. म प, ग म रे सा. In this Raga, generally, Aaroh has Shuddha and Avaroh uses Komal नि. e.g. म प ग म, ध नि सां in Aaroh and सां नि प, म प ग म, रे सा in Avaroh. In Aaroh, using both Nishaar also is in practice. e.g. म प ग म, नि ध नि सां. Komal नि in Aaroh underlines Bageshwari and both नि symbolize Malhar. Inconsistency is the nature of this Raga. Therefore, Badaa Khyaal and Maseetkhani style of singing is less used in this Raag.

In this Raag, सा म, नि प and म ध fill the atmosphere with melody.

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